Glossary of Landscaping Terms

I. Service Divisions

Landscape Construction - Building a landscape with earth materials, plants, and nonliving materials such as concrete brick and natural stone. landscape construction may or may not involve a blueprint.

Landscape Design - The creation of a scaled drawing or plan for the usage of landscape space.

Landscape Designer - One who creates landscape plans. Landscape designers may or may not have formal training or degrees.

Landscape Design/Build - A company offering design services and installation of landscapes (see landscape construction)

Landscape Architect - A landscape designer with formal schooling and a degree in landscape architecture. Landscape architects are familiar with elevations, load surcharges, and watershed issues.

Commercial Maintenance - Performing seasonal services to maintain the grounds of businesses, apartment complexes, or industrial parks.

Residential maintenance - Performing seasonal services to maintain home landscapes.

Irrigation - The design, installation and service of lawn sprinkler systems.

Excavation - Heavy equipment operations necessary to prepare a grade for landscaping. Stump removal and trucking are key elements of the excavation process.

Site Work - See excavation

Landscape Materials/Material Sales - Offering an inventory of mulch, loam, and gravel available for pickup or delivery. Landscape materials can also include brick, stone, or concrete block

Lawn Care - The application of chemical or organic fertilizers and pesticides to turf grass

Hardscapes - Installation of structural or aesthetic elements of landscape using nonliving materials. Hardscapes can include retaining walls, pavers, or stone walls.

Softscapes - Installation of plant material

Arborist - A tree care specialist who performs tree removal, pruning, insect and disease diagnosis and treatment.


II. Landscape Function Terms - Residential and Commercial

Landscape Maintenance

 Lawnmowing
 Bed edging and mulching
 Weeding / herbicide
 Pruning
 Seasonal color
 Fall leaf cleanup
 Gutter clean out
 Turf aeration or dethatching
 Chemical lawn care
 Snowplowing

Landscape Construction

 Design
 Excavation
 Retaining walls, stone work
 Brick walkways and patios
 Water features/ Koi ponds
 Landscape lighting
 Tree and shrub planting
 Lawn installation
 Hydroseeding
 Drainage