I. Service Divisions
Landscape Construction - Building a landscape with
earth materials, plants, and nonliving materials such as
concrete brick and natural stone. landscape construction may or
may not involve a blueprint.
Landscape Design - The creation of a scaled drawing
or plan for the usage of landscape space.
Landscape Designer - One who creates landscape plans.
Landscape designers may or may not have formal training or
Landscape Design/Build - A company offering
design services and installation of landscapes (see landscape
Landscape Architect - A landscape designer with
formal schooling and a degree in landscape architecture.
Landscape architects are familiar with elevations, load
surcharges, and watershed issues.
Commercial Maintenance - Performing seasonal services
to maintain the grounds of businesses, apartment complexes, or
Residential maintenance - Performing seasonal
services to maintain home landscapes.
Irrigation - The design, installation and service of
lawn sprinkler systems.
Excavation - Heavy equipment operations necessary to
prepare a grade for landscaping. Stump removal and trucking are
key elements of the excavation process.
Site Work - See excavation
Landscape Materials/Material Sales - Offering an
inventory of mulch, loam, and gravel available for pickup or
delivery. Landscape materials can also include brick, stone, or
Lawn Care - The application of chemical or organic
fertilizers and pesticides to turf grass
Hardscapes - Installation of structural or aesthetic
elements of landscape using nonliving materials. Hardscapes can
include retaining walls, pavers, or stone walls.
Softscapes - Installation of plant material
Arborist - A tree care specialist who performs
tree removal, pruning, insect and disease diagnosis and
II. Landscape Function Terms - Residential and
aeration or dethatching
walls, stone work
walkways and patios
features/ Koi ponds